Finnish Translation Services
With a large network of in-country, professional Finnish translators, Verbatim Solutions can respond quickly and effectively to your Finnish language translation needs.
Verbatim Solutions provides professional, high quality Finnish to English translations and English to Finnish translations. Our Finnish translation services will help you maximize your global strategy.
Native Speaking Finnish Translators
Verbatim Solutions Finnish translation teams are professional linguists performing translation from English to Finnish and Finnish to English for a variety of documents in various industries including:
- Desk-top Publishing
- Rich Media
Due to the history of Finland and its neighborhood, and the relatively limited number of Finns, the term Finnish might cause some confusion:
It can indicate nationality of the Finns, usually acquired by birth in Finland
It can indicate ethnicity, see Finnic and Sweden-Finns
It can also indicate citizenship of the Finns; or a similar belonging to the state of Finland
It can indicate the mother tongue of a speaker, see Finnish language and Sweden-Finns (often in contrast to Finns speaking Swedish as their mother tongue, see Finland-Swedish and Finland’s language strife)
It can indicate the Finnish language itself, and often the closely related varieties spoken in Finland’s neighbourhood, see Finno-Ugric languages: Veps, Izhorian, Ingrian, Karelian, Me nkieli
Finally, it can be a false translation from Scandinavian languages, where the concepts of Finns and Samis haven’t always been distinguished: Today Finn in the Norwegian language means a Sami.
Conclusive archaeological evidence exists that the area now comprising Finland was settled during the Stone Age, as the inland ice of the last ice age receded. The earliest inhabitants are thought to have been hunters and gatherers, living primarily off what the forests and sea could offer.
Old Scandinavian sagas and some historians like Danish Saxo Grammaticus and Arabian Al Idrisi tell that there have been Finnish kings before Sweden conquered Finland.
Finland’s nearly 700-year association with the Kingdom of Sweden began in 1154 with the introduction of Christianity by Sweden’s King Erik. Swedish became the dominant language of administration and education, although Finnish recovered its predominance after a 19th century resurgence of Finnish nationalism (fennomania) following the publication of Finland’s national epic, the Kalevala.
In 1808, Finland was conquered by the armies of Russian Emperor Alexander I and thereafter remained an autonomous Grand Duchy in personal union with the Russian Empire until the end of 1917. On December 6, 1917, shortly after the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, Finland declared its independence following Treaty of Tartu 1920, where borders of new nation were defined.
The social frontier between the ruling and the working class has been broader in Finland than in most comparable countries. Into the 19th century there was a most obvious language barrier; then during the 19th century Finland developed a proud University-educated meritocracy that felt as being the true representation of “the people” since they spoke the people’s language and since a great deal of their ancestors really had been poor peasants.
In 1918, the country experienced a brief but bitter Civil War that colored domestic politics for many years. The Civil War was chiefly fought between the educated class, supported by Germany and the big class of independent small farmers, against property-less rural and industrial workers who despite universal suffrage in 1906 had found themselves without political influence.
During World War II, Finland fought the Soviet Union twice: in the Winter War of 1939-1940 (with some support from Sweden) and again in the Continuation War of 1941-1944 (with considerable support from Germany). This was followed by the Lapland War of 1944-1945, when Finland forced the Germans out of northern Finland.
Treaties signed in 1947 and 1948 with the Soviet Union included obligations and restraints on Finland vis-a-vis the Soviet Union as well as further territorial concessions by Finland (compared to the Moscow Peace Treaty of 1940).
After the Second World War, Finland was in the grey zone between western countries and Soviet Union. The so-called “YYA Treaty” (Finno-Soviet Pact of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance) gave Soviet Union some right of determination in Finnish domestic politics. Many politicians used their Soviet Union relations to solve party controversies, which meant that the Soviet Union got more power. The others, on the other hand, did single-minded work to oppose the communists.
When the Soviet Union fell in 1991 Finland was surprised, but they used it immediately to their advantage. Finland was free to follow her own course and joined the European Union in 1995. Even today Russia’s influence can be seen; Finland supports federal country development more than the other Nordic countries.